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NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

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Home
NUCLEAR BOMB EFFECTS
WHY THE US DROPPED THE BOMB
TUTORIAL ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS PRODUCTION
50 Facts About Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear Weapons Costs, US 1940-1996
Brazil Next???
NUCLEAR ENERGY, concerns
Iran Next Nuclear Power
Israeli Delivery Systems
Pakistan, building, training, and suppling
Nuclear Weapons Data
NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION, humanity's greatest threat
The War Prayer--Mark Twain
U.S. Nuclear Forces, 2004
Chinese Nuclear Forces, 2003
Nuclear Terrorism--Scientific American
U.S. Nuclear Stock: history, amounts
U.S. bombs locations
20 Mishaps That Might Have Started Accidental Nuclear War
ISRAEL PURCHASES 2 MORE SUBS TO DELIVER ITS NUCLEAR BOMBS
The B61 Family of Nuclear Bombs
RUSSIA'S NUCLEAR BOMB PROGRAM
U.S. nuclear weapons in Europe, 1954-2004
Russian nuclear forces, 2004
Links

 

WAR, NUCLEAR ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT

http://www.nuclearfiles.org/ A project of the nuclear age peace foundation. An excellent library of materials related to the danger posed, including a photo gallery. 

 

www.bullatomsci.org,  the leading organization against nuclear weapons.  They’ve publish Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist since 1947.  They have a number of article from this magazine on line

 

http://www.fas.org  The federation of American Scientists, a major public concern organization that maintains a section on nuclear weapons of first quality--also covered are conventional weapons. 

 

http://www.brookings.edu  They maintain an extensive library of their studies--first quality.  Maintained by one of the premier rightwing US think tanks. 

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WMD Around the World
A global guide to nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, including information on delivery systems, doctrine, organizations and facilities.

Arms Control
Arms control regimes limiting nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons, as well as missiles and other weapons.

The Garwin Archive
Writings by the distinguished weapons designer whose career spans the nuclear era

WMD News
Current and archived news and analysis of world wide special weapons.

Lotsa.Links
Links to dozens of other related websites, along with a comprehensive search engine indexing their content in one convenient location.

Special Weapons Primer
Introduction to special weapons [nuclear biological, chemical and missiles].

Hot Topics in WMD

alt.war.nuclear
USENET discussion forum for nuclear weapons issues.

Space Nuclear Propulsion
A guide to the history and technology of space nuclear propulsion

 

 

ATOMICARCHIVE.COM at http://www.atomicarchive.com/Portal/index.shtml

Internet Sites

The Nuclear Weapons Archive

nuclearweaponarchive.org

An excellent and extensive site for learning more about nuclear weapons. This website offers extensive information on the history and status of nuclear weapons. The site is organized chronologically, with a section on the physics that led up to the Fat Man and Little Boy atomic bombs, a section on atomic and nuclear weapons since the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, and a section on the current state of nuclear weapons in the world.

 

Trinity Atomic Web Site

www.abomb1.org

The purpose of Trinity Atomic Web Site is to tell the story of nuclear weapons through historical documents, photos, and videos.

 

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

www.bullatomsci.org

The foremost journal on nuclear issues is now online. Visit and see how the Doomsday Clock has moved throughout the Atomic Age.

 

Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues - Nuclear Pathways Member

alsos.wlu.edu

The Alsos digital library is a collection of annotated references to resources that offer a broad, balanced perspective of topics relating to the origins, functions, and legacies of the Manhattan Project. The critical task of the Alsos project is to integrate these references into a structured collection that allows users to examine this important period of history from many perspectives. The materials referenced includes books, articles, videos, images, and web sites.

 

Nuclear Chemistry and the Community - Nuclear Pathways Member

www.chemcases.com/nuclear/

Part of the ChemCases website, this unit covers the basic concepts of nuclear chemistry. This site explores the legacy of radiation: the fear of contamination, the problems in the generation of nuclear power, the widespread medical uses of radioisotopes, and the worldwide question, as yet unsolved, of what should be done with nuclear byproducts.

 

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum

www.pcf.city.hiroshima.jp/

This is online site for the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum. It contains a virtual tour of the museum, as well as section that looks at the atomic bomb and peace through the eyes of children. It also contains an excellent resource of photos and artifacts.

 

The Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum

www1.city.nagasaki.nagasaki.jp/na-bomb/museum/museume01.html

This is online site for the Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum. It contains a virtual tour of the museum, as well as records of the Nagasaki Atomic Bombing.

 

A-Bomb WWW Museum

www.csi.ad.jp/ABOMB/

This Japanese site provides an excellent record of the bombing of Hiroshima. Included in the site are historical records and memoirs of survivors. The site also documents the aftereffects of the bomb including the problems faced by children of survivors of the bomb.

 

Remembering Nagasaki

www.exploratorium.edu/nagasaki/

A photographic journey through the ruins of Nagasaki at Exploratorium in San Francisco. A companion book has been published.

 

Los Alamos National Laboratory

www.lanl.gov/worldview/welcome/history.shtml

This section of the Los Alamos National Laboratory's website presents information about the laboratory's role in the development of the first atomic bombs. It contains a well-written document on the early history of the laboratory, as well as access to previously classified documents on the development of the bombs. The site also provides a series on Los Alamos history published in the Los Alamos News Bulletin to commemorate the laboratory's 50th anniversary.

 

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

www.ornl.gov/history/

This website is the official site of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), which began with the goal of producing uranium-235 for the Manhattan Project. It provides a brief history of ORNL including an interactive timeline, and includes a detailed description of the X-10 graphite reactor built in 1943.

 

Hanford Site

www.hanford.gov/doe/culres/historic/

The website contains a broad spectrum of information on Hanford from 1943 to the present. The plutonium production site played a pivotal role in the nation's defense for more than 50 years, beginning in the 1940s with its creation as part of the Manhattan Project.

 

Argonne National Laboratory

www.anl.gov/OPA/history/

This website contains information about the lab that originating from the Metallurgical Laboratory at the University of Chicago.

 

Department of Energy - Nevada

www.nv.doe.gov

Established as the Atomic Energy Commission's on-continent proving ground, the Nevada Test Site has seen more than four decades of nuclear weapons testing. It contains an archive of photographs, documents and video clips.

 

Nuclear Weapons Museum at Arzamas-16

www.http://www.vniief.ru/museum/museum_e.html

An online photographic tour of the museum at the Los Alamos of the former Soviet Union, Arzamas-16. Photos and descriptions of the first Soviet atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb, the development of tactical and ballistic weapons, and the installations used for testing weapons.

 

International Atomic Energy Agency

www.iaea.org/worldatom/

This website, the official site of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), provides the public with information about the agency, as well as its publications. Concerns featured on the website include depleted uranium, nuclear waste, the nuclear accident at Chernobyl, arms control, and inspection activities in Iraq. The site lists books, periodicals, and other documents published by the IAEA. It is an excellent source of information on international nuclear issues.

 

Leo Szilard Home Page

www.dannen.com/szilard.html

This excellent site is about Leo Szilard's role in Manhattan Project and beyond. The site also examines the decision to drop the atomic bomb and Szilard's attempts to prevent this.

 

The Bureau of Atomic Tourism

www.atomictourist.com

This site is dedicated to the promotion of tourist locations around the world that have either been the site of atomic explosions, display exhibits on the development of atomic devices, or contain vehicles that were designed to deliver atomic weapons.

 

Enola Gay: Exhibit at the Smithsonian

www.nasm.si.edu/galleries/gal103/gal103_former.html

See the exhibit that showcases the Enola Gay, the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. The plane is currently being re-assembled for display at the musuem's new Udvar-Hazy Center.

 

Atomic Central

www.vce.com/atomcentral.html

A link to an award winning movies such as; Trinity and Beyond, Atomic Journeys, from VCE. Footage from some of these movies is used on the CD-ROM, Atomic Archive:Enhanced Edition.

 

Children of the Manhattan Project

www.childrenofthemanhattanproject.org

This site seeks preserve the historical importance of the Manhattan Project, to recognize and memorialize the efforts of all World War II veterans, and to promote the safe and beneficial use of nuclear energy.

 

Nuclear Threat Initiative

www.nit.org

NTI's mission is to strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and preventing the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. NTI seeks to raise public awareness, serve as a catalyst for new thinking and take direct action to reduce these threats. This is an excellent resource of current WMD information

 

 

The atomicarchive.com has a library of historic documents at http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/index.shtml

 

 

 

Nuclear Warhead Stockpiles

The five acknowledged nuclear powers possess about 31,000 nuclear warheads.

Country

1945

1955

1965

1975

1985

1995

2000

United States

2

2,280

32,400

28,100

23,500

14,000

10,500

Russia/USSR

0

200

6,300

23,500

44,000

28,000

20,000

United Kingdom

0

10

310

350

300

300

185

France

0

0

32

188

359

500

450

China

0

0

5

185

426

400

450

Totals

2

2,490

39,047

52,323

68,585

43,200

31,535

Sources: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and National Resources Defense Council

 

 

Nuclear Test Sites

From 1945 until 1998, there have been over 2,000 nuclear tests conducted worldwide.

 

Nuclear Testing Locations

From 1945 until 1998, there have been over 2,000 nuclear tests conducted worldwide.

Location

Number of Tests

Nevada

935

Kazakhstan

496

Russia

214

Mururoa Atoll

175

Enewetak

43

China (Lop Nor)

41

Christmas Island

30

Bikini

23

Algeria

17

Johnston Island

12

Australia

12

Fangataufa Atoll

12

India

4

Pacific Ocean

4

Malden Island

3

South Atlantic Ocean

3

Alaska

3

New Mexico

3

Pakistan

2

Mississippi

2

Colorado

2

Ukraine

2

Uzbekistan

2

Turkmenistan

1

Total

2,051

Source: National Resources Defense Council

 

 

Total Nuclear Testing Yields

From 1945 until 1998, there have been over 2,000 nuclear tests conducted worldwide.

Country

Atmospheric

Underground

Total Yields

China

21.9

1.5

23.4

France

10.0

4.0

14.0

India

-

0.014-0.017

0.014-0.017

Pakistan

-

0.014-0.017

0.014-0.017

Russia/USSR

247.0

38.0

285.0

United Kingdom

8.0

0.9

8.9

United States

141.0

38.0

179.0

(in megatons)

427.9

~82.428

~510.328

Source: National Resources Defense Council

 

 

 

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS

3 organization(s) with a focus on CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS and 2 organization(s) working on related human rights issues

 

 


Coalition of NGOs "For a democratic alternative civil service"

Based in: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Focus: CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS and / RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Organization type: Non-governmental Organization (NGO)

Languages: RUSSIAN


War Resisters (Savaş Karşıtları)

Based in: TURKEY
Focus: CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS and ARMED CONFLICT, INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE / TURKEY
Organization type: Non-governmental Organization (NGO)

Languages: TURKISH


Yesh Gvul

Based in: ISRAEL/OCCUPIED TERRITORIES
Focus: CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS and / ISRAEL/OCCUPIED TERRITORIES
Organization type: Not-for-profit Organization

Languages: ENGLISH, FRENCH, GERMAN, ITALIAN, HEBREW


Organizations working on related human rights issues

Human Rights Monitor

Based in: USA
Focus: HUMAN RIGHTS DEVELOPMENTS and ARMED CONFLICT, CHILDREN JUVENILES, CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS, CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, DEATH IN CUSTODY, DEATH PENALTY, DETENTION ARREST, DISAPPEARANCES, DISCRIMINATION, ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION, FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS, HUMAN RIGHTS DEVELOPMENTS, HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS, IMPUNITY, INDISCRIMINATE KILLINGS, INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE, INVESTIGATION OF ABUSES, PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE, RACISM, REFUGEES, SEXUAL ORIENTATION, TORTURE/ILL-TREATMENT, TRIALS, UN
Organization type: Amnesty International Group

Languages: ENGLISH


Human Rights Monitor

Based in: USA
Focus: HUMAN RIGHTS DEVELOPMENTS and ARMED CONFLICT, CHILDREN JUVENILES, CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS, CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, DEATH IN CUSTODY, DEATH PENALTY, DETENTION ARREST, DISAPPEARANCES, DISCRIMINATION, ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION, FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS, HUMAN RIGHTS DEVELOPMENTS, HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS, IMPUNITY, INDISCRIMINATE KILLINGS, INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE, INVESTIGATION OF ABUSES, PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE, RACISM, REFUGEES, SEXUAL ORIENTATION, TORTURE/ILL-TREATMENT, TRIALS, UN
Organization type: Amnesty International Group

Languages: ENGLISH


What the bombs can do, a video with music

 

http://www.metacafe.com/tags/nuclear_bomb/ a collection of videos


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THE IRAQ WAR, excellent articles.

 

Current International Horrors