Cost is 0.75% of economy, or $87 billion.U.S. production is down 11% to 4.93M barrels/day from 5.56M a year ago (03).Imports are down 4%.Cost of imports $300B/yr.U.S. production 57% of our oil is imported. 1981 price in current dollar would be $79/barrel.In 1981 the US spent 7.2% of GDP; this year projected 7.6%.Foreign
payments of $200 billion in 04
Top Of The News Oil
Hits $55 Alarm; Greenspan Hits Snooze Dan Ackman, 10.18.04,
10:05 AM ET
YORK - During the past few years, conditions for economic growth in the U.S. could hardly have been better: Interest rates
were low, the federal deficit was surging, and energy prices were also low. Each factor provided economic stimulus, and the economy posted solid
two of the three factors--interest rates and energy, specifically oil prices--are heading in the opposite direction. That
does seem like a problem, though Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan is quelling concern.
Everyone knew the Federal Reserve would have to increase interest rates sooner or later. But the surge in
oil prices seems to have come as a bolt out of the blue: No one predicted it. Even as oil prices rose from under $30 per barrel,
where they were just one year ago, to $40, then $50, Wall Street analysts saw the rise as a spot phenomenon, nothing really
to worry about.
But today crude is selling for $55 per barrel on the New York Mercantile
Exchange. The price rise has just started to hit consumers in the form of higher gas prices. On Friday, Greenspan added his
voice to the chorus, noting oil prices adjusted for inflation were still not as high as they were in the early 1980s and that,
no, the world is not "running out of oil."
The chairman concluded: "So far this year, the rise in the value of imported
oil--essentially a tax on U.S. residents--has amounted to about three-quarters of one percent of gross domestic product. The effects were far larger in the crises of the 1970s. But, obviously, the
risk of more serious negative consequences would intensify if oil prices were to move materially higher."
Compared to "so far this year," however, the price
of oil has already moved "materially higher." In the spring, oil was still trading for under $30 per barrel. The price has
gone up by $6 or more than 12% in just the last three weeks. And no one saw it coming.
be sure, there is nothing Greenspan can do about it. But even if the good doctor's diagnosis is correct--and there is reason
to believe his chart of the symptoms is at least a few weeks old--is the rise in oil just a bump in the road?
First of all, three-quarters of one percent of GDP is actually quite a bit of money. U.S. GDP is now running
at $11.7 trillion. Losing three-quarters of one percent of growth amounts to an $87 billion hit to the economy. Greenspan say this is
"essentially a tax." If the
president proposed raising taxes by $87 billion per year--which would mean a 4.5% increase in all federal taxes--that would
be big news. In fact, in an election year, it would be unimaginable. Unlike in the early 1980s, when most of the oil the U.S. consumed was still domestic, now 57% of the oil consumed in the U.S. is imported (see: "New Oil Crisis: 1979 In Spades").
of increasing production, but that's not happening in the U.S. either, at least not yet. A year ago, the U.S. was producing 5.56 million barrels of oil per day, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Most recently,
production was actually down by 11% to 4.93 million barrels. Greenspan and others are waiting for new technology, new oil
discoveries or new conservation measures. All may arrive, but meanwhile, more U.S. cash
will flow overseas. The good news may be that imports were down, too,
no doubt in response to price. But even with a 4% drop in imports by volume, the U.S. oil import bill, if oil prices stay at current levels, will likely exceed $300 billion per year. That's more than
triple the 2002 bill. Of course, all calculations in this
environment tend to get dated pretty quickly (see: "America's Quarter-Trillion-Dollar Oil Bill"). It's a big deal, or, to quote Chairman Greenspan, it's "not frivolous given the stark realities evident in many areas
of the world."
from overseas producers led by our steadfast ally Saudi Arabia, U.S.-based multinational oil companies continue to benefit from the trend. Shares in ExxonMobil (nyse: XOM - news - people - news - people ), BP (nyse: BP - news - people - news - people ), Chevron (nyse: CVX - news - people - news - people ) and ConocoPhillips (nyse: COP - news - people ) are all up by 25% to 50% compared to a year ago. Oil service companies like Schlumberger (nyse: SLB - news - people ) and Halliburton (nyse: HAL - news - people ) tell a similar story. The four biggest oil companies have seen their total market value rise by more than $200 billion in
one year. If OPEC had a reported market value, it would be up even more.
Not frivolous, as Greenspan might say
Top Of The News America's Quarter-Trillion-Dollar Oil Bill Dan Ackman, 09.27.04,
(only part of article)
the first eight months of this year, the price of oil has risen from just under $29. If prices stay at current levels--or
even if they fall back a bit--the average price for the year will be around $39 per barrel. Last year, the U.S. consumed about 6.2 billion barrels, up 4.2% from a year earlier. At the same time, imports rose by
If the price
of oil stays a bit above $48 for the rest of the year, and usage continues to rise, the quarter-trillion oil bill will be
a reality. Just over $170 billion of that total will flow overseas.(This proved
optimistic for 04).
Bill At The Spigot
Oil Consumption (in billions of barrels)
For Imported Oil ($bil)
Oil Bill ($bil)
Prices not adjusted for inflation. * Projected. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration
total U.S. energy bill is still much less than it was in real terms in 1981 when the
price in 2004 dollars was over $79 per barrel. At that time, the U.S. was spending 13% of gross domestic product on energy, according
to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. By 2000, despite a surge in oil prices that year, the U.S. was paying just 7.2% of GDP for its
energy. The EIA doesn't report figures for the years following
2000. But with oil prices at current levels, energy costs could reach 7.5% of GDP, the highest level since 1992.
All told, Americans will likely spend
about $75 billion or 43% more for oil this year than last year and 76% more than in 2002. To put that increase in perspective,
$75 billion is equal to the amount Microsoft (nasdaq: MSFT - news - people ) will pay out to shareholders over the next four years, is larger than the budget of any U.S. government department, is about the budget for the state
of California and was roughly the same as the Bush Administration's appropriation request for the Iraq war in 2003.
Project Kuwait plans to raise production [years off & if approved by its parliament] to 900,000 bpd from the current 450,000
bpd from the northern fields. Kuwait has a tenth of global oil reserves and produces at around 2.3 million barrels
per day.XOM, CVX, BP to bid on it.
of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Economic Newsmaker
Education: B.S. in economics, New YorkUniversity (1948) M.A. in economics, New YorkUniversity (1950) Ph.D. in economics, New YorkUniversity (1977)
Date of Birth:March 6, 1926
and President of Townsend-Greenspan & Co.(1954-1974, 1977-1987); Chairman of the National Commission on Social Security
Reform (1981-1983); nominated to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to fill an unexpired term (1987); reappointed
to a full 14-year term (1992); named chairman of the Board for a fourth four-year term (June 2000).
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best account of the Federal Reserve(http://www.freedocumentaries.org/film.php?id=214).One cannot understand U.S. politics, U.S. foreign
policy, or the world-wide economic crisis unless one understands the role of the Federal Reserve Bank and its role in the
financialization phenomena.The same sort of national-banking relationships as
in our country also exists in Japan and most of Europe.